In of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. Large Intestine: The large intestine (about 5 feet long) consists of different parts- cecum, colon, appendix, and rectum. Food from the small intestine passes through the cecum portion, wherein water and electrolytes Super Flora Probiotics are absorbed. The undigested leftover food (or waste) is transferred to the ascending colon first, then to the transverse colon and sigmoid colon. The waste from the sigmoid colon is moved to the rectum, where it is stored till the time of bowel movement. Finally, the waste is passed as stool through the anus. After chewing of food in the mouth, the partially digested food particles pass through the alimentary canal, which are further broken down into simpler forms and the help of secreted by the associated abdominal organs (liver and pancreas). The nutrients are absorbed by the villi located in the.